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The soils

Video transcription:

« Hello, today I’m going to talk to you about the vineyard and terroir of the Sweet Bordeaux. So, it really is an exceptional terroir and a very specific micro climate that will create those exceptional wines: the Sweet Bordeaux. First of all, the vineyard, 3400 hectares South-West of Bordeaux, around Langon, and it’s a vineyard that is crossed on each side by the river Garonne. So it’s a well-irrigated vineyard and it’s protected by the Landes forest. With regards to the production, a small-scale production as it accounts for 2% of all Bordeaux wines with 10 million bottles. The Sweet Bordeaux comprises of 11 appellations d’origine contrôlée. Soft or liqurous depending on the concentration. Now, looking more closely at the vineyard and the terroir, we see, of course, soils and mountainous areas that are different according to the appellations. On the left bank side: Barsac, Sauternes. So with Barsac we have soils, not a very high landscape, limestone soils light soils and clay-gravel hilltops when it comes to Sauternes. Now looking at the right bank side, we see a landscape made of more and more hills with clay-gravel soils.  Regarding the grape to make Sweet Bordeaux wines, Sémilion is largely used, 80% of total grape varieties. Sémilion, allows, first of all, a good implantation of the famous  Botrytis cinerea fungus, “the noble rot”, that will also give wines a great finesse and a full body. Those juices have a very golden robe. Then you can also find some Sauvignon the Sauvignon, 20% of total grape varieties, here gives freshness, vivacity and citrus hints that makes the wine very enjoyable. We can also find, in slightly lesser proportions, some Muscadel. The Muscadel gives very sweet juices with slighly nutmegish, floral arômas hence its name. See you very soon for another episode. »

 

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